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Operational Models

Cash and voucher assistance (CVA) can be delivered to people in crises more efficiently, effectively, and with more accountability, if responding agencies work together. But we need to generate evidence around which operational models work best for collaboration in different contexts.

The CALP Network’s State of the World’s Cash Report identifies different types of operational model, including consortia and alliances, shared cash delivery mechanisms, single agency cash delivery, and integration of systems.

“The overall structure through which agencies work jointly…to deliver cash and voucher programming…in situation response and analysis, program design and implementation.”

Our working definition of an operational model.

Scaling up CVA offers opportunities to transform how humanitarian aid is delivered. It has implications for the roles of different agencies within various operational models, and the potential for models to link to social protection systems. It will also impact the nature of partnerships with financial service and technology providers, and how different models interact with other forms of assistance, beyond cash.

Current priorities

Since late 2016, the CALP Network has been coordinating a learning agenda to help answer these questions:

  1. What operational models are available to agencies implementing CVA?
  2. How do different models improve the efficiency, effectiveness and accountability of CVA in different contexts?
  3. Which operational models are most appropriate in which contexts?

We will continue to collate and disseminate the evidence base for operational models.

We are also a partner in the Cash Monitoring, Evaluation, Accountability, and Learning Organizational Network (CAMEALEON) consortium, led by Norwegian Refugee Council, which is responsible for independent monitoring and evaluation of WFP’s Multi-Purpose Cash Assistance (MPCA) in Lebanon. This includes research and analysis regarding value for money and accountability in the operational model.

Latest

Cash Week 2019: How cash is driving change across the system

Blog Post

Cash Week 2019 aimed to provide a space to reflect, learn, and look ahead, to ensure quality in our use of CVA at scale. The CALP team reflects on the key takeaways from the events that took place around the world, and what they mean for actors within and beyond the humanitarian sector.

20 February 2020

Mapping of CWGs, CCS and CCD Networks in Latin America and the Caribbean

Guidelines and Tools

This map was developed with information captured at The Cash Learning Partnership workshop that took place in Panama City, Panama on 21 November 2019, the activity had the aim to map cash and voucher assistance coordination structures in the region.

11 February 2020

International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement Cash Feasibility and Delivery Mechanism Tools

Guidelines and Tools

A series of tools to aid assessment of feasibility and potential delivery mechanisms for delivering aid via Cash Transfer Programming (CTP)

2020

Cash Week 2019: Collaborating for quality, today and tomorrow

Event

Cash Week 2019 provided a space to reflect, learn, and look ahead, to ensure quality in our use of cash and voucher assistance (CVA) at scale. An expanded agenda saw events taking place globally throughout November and December.

2-5 December 2019 9:00-17:00 / London, UK / English

Operational Models: Accountability to affected people

Webinar

13 November 2019 / English

Oxfam in Ghairung, Ghorka

MEAL in Emerging Operational Models

Webinar

29 October 2019 / English

3rd Grand Bargain Cash Work Stream Workshop – Co-Conveners’ Report

Report

The third Grand Bargain (GB) Cash work stream Workshop was held at WFP Headquarters in Rome on 16th-17th May 2019, hosted by WFP and DFID. Over 85 participants attended the workshop, representing 60 donor and humanitarian organisations and multilateral agencies, and including representatives from the...

2019

Safer Cash Toolkit (English)

Guidelines and Tools

The Safer Cash Toolkit, funded by USAID, is designed to capture the minimum amount of protection-related information in emergency settings to ensure that organizations can make informed decisions on how to design, implement and adjust CVA programs at the field level to prevent and minimize harm. The Safer...

2019

Analysis of social and power dynamics of stakeholders for the implementation of multi-year MultiPurpose Cash Transfers in North Mali

Report

Six INGOs (Hunger Against Action, Danish Refugee Council, Handicap International, Oxfam, Solidarités International and International Rescue Committee) have been implementing a MultiPurpose Cash Transfers programme in Mali; the second phase of this social safety net intervention targets the communes the...

2019

Cash for Shelter in Kenya – A Field Experience

Report

A study of a cash for shelter project in Kalobeyei that highlights how UNHCR uses cash assistance to help the refugees to transition to more durable solutions, in this case, integration with the host community. The project presents a paradigm shift from the traditional refugee camp planning process.

December 2018

How Cash and Food Transfers and Asset Creation Can Contribute to Women’s Empowerment: Learning from Niger, Kenya and Zimbabwe

Report

From ‘Collected Papers on Gender and Cash Transfer Programmes in Humanitarian Contexts’. Existing gender inequalities mean that disasters and conflicts impact women, men, girls and boys differently. Cash based assistance is one of the most significant developments in humanitarian assistance in recent...

September 2018

Greece Cash Alliance: Building an Evidence Base on Operational Models for the Delivery Of CTP

Report

The primary aim of this case study is to map out aspects of the Greece Cash Alliance (GCA) operational model influencing key drivers of quality (effectiveness, efficiency and accountability) in the delivery of multipurpose cash grants (MPGs). The GCA was launched in April 2017 with funding from ECHO, in...

March 2018

Emergency Response Capacity (ERC) Consortium – Nigeria: Building an evidence base on operational models for the delivery of CTP

Report

This case study aims to review and map out how aspects of the Enhanced Response Capacity (ERC) consortium model have influenced key drivers of quality (effectiveness, efficiency and accountability) in the consortium’s Nigeria pilot. Formed at the global level in 2015, the ERC Consortium is comprised of...

March 2018

Targeting in social protection systems: comparative study on two “HEA” methods and a “PMT” targeting method for cash transfer programmes in Gao circle, Mali, 2016-17

Report

Social safety nets are becoming a key instrument of povery reduction policies in Sub-Saharan Africa; they are a basic element of social protection systems that include adaptive social protection. Social protection systems aim to target both chronically poor households and those who are slightly better off...

February 2018

Cash and Markets Working Group Strategic Workshop Report – Libya

Report

On the 6th and 7th of February 2018, a two days meeting opened to the members of the CMWG, Sector Leads, World Bank, UNSMIL, OCHA and Donors was held in Tunis to review the achievements, gaps and challenges of cash programing and articulate the 2018 humanitarian Cash Strategy for Libya. Supported by a...

February 2018

Reviewing the Linkages between Gender, Market Assessments and Market-based Interventions

Report

From ‘Collected Papers on Gender and Cash Transfer Programmes in Humanitarian Contexts’. Existing gender inequalities mean that disasters and conflicts impact women, men, girls and boys differently. Cash based assistance is one of the most significant developments in humanitarian assistance in recent...

2018