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The Launch of the State of World’s Cash Report 2023
Watch the recording of the global launch event for CALP's 2023 edition of The State of the World’s Cash report.
Joint Market Assessment Round 2
This report assesses the feasibility of implementing Cash and Voucher Assistance (CVA), specifically Multipurpose Cash Assistance (MPCA), to support individuals impacted by the February 6 earthquakes. The evaluation focuses on the acceptance of various forms of cash modalities, availability of key items,...
Gender Equality, Disability and Social Inclusion (GEDSI) Analysis: Rapid review to inform cash programming in Solomon Islands and Vanuatu
There is compelling global evidence that, on average, cash transfers reduce monetary poverty, raise school attendance and use of health services, reduce child labour and increase women’s decision-making power and choices. Cash programming though, is relatively new in Pacific Island Countries (PICs) and...
Rapid Reflection on the Scale up of Cash Coordination- Türkiye/ Syria Earthquakes
This rapid reflection piece looks at how cash coordination structures scaled up at the onset of the Türkiye/ Syria Earthquakes in February 2023. The short reports look at implications and good practices implemented by cash working groups in Türkiye, North West Syria, and Government-controlled areas of...
Ensuring Inclusive Cash and Voucher Programming in Vanuatu
Save the Children is expanding its cash and voucher programming in Vanuatu; helping families to overcome financial barriers to improve outcomes for their children and advocating for investments in a national social protection system.
This report presents the findings of a Gender Equality, Disability...
Ensuring Inclusive Cash and Voucher Programming in Solomon Islands
Save the Children is expanding its cash and voucher programming in Solomon Islands; helping families to overcome financial barriers to improve outcomes for their children and advocating for investments in a national social protection system.
This report presents the findings of a Gender Equality,...
The State of the World’s Cash 2023: Methodology
Since the last State of the World’s Cash Report was published in 2020, the use of cash and voucher assistance (CVA) has grown in volume terms and as a proportion of international humanitarian assistance (IHA). However, the pace of growth as a proportion of IHA is now starting to plateau. There have been...
The State of the World’s Cash 2023. Chapter 1: People-centred CVA
Summary Key findings There is a growing commitment to putting people at the centre of CVA. Challenges remain with communication, participation, and feedback. Increased attention is being given to inclusion, with more focus on people with disabilities; gender, particularly the needs of women; and...
The State of the World’s Cash 2023 was commissioned and developed by CALP. A core research and writing team led the development of the report, working collaboratively with a huge number of people who provided invaluable input and support. We thank the many individuals and organizations that generously...
Foreword and Overview
Foreword by Smruti Patel In the three years since the State of the World’s Cash report in 2020, we have seen huge changes in the global context, and humanitarian needs have grown. Massive floods, unprecedented wildfires, and record-breaking heat are becoming more frequent and severe, providing a clear...
The State of the World’s Cash 2023
This flagship publication represents a neutral and authoritative assessment of the current context of Cash and Voucher Assistance (CVA) as part of humanitarian aid.
The State of the World’s Cash 2023. Chapter 4: Cash Coordination
Summary Key findings There has been progress on cash coordination. It is too early to know if the new cash coordination model will deliver on ambitions. Views on the extent of donor commitment towards cash coordination are mixed. The increased focus on locally-led cash coordination is welcomed but faces...
The State of the World’s Cash 2023. Chapter 3: Locally-led Response
Summary Key findings Local and international perspectives on what locally-led response means are often fundamentally different. There has been some progress towards locally-led response, but major change is lacking. Barriers to progress in locally-led CVA reflect issues in the wider...
The State of the World’s Cash 2023. Chapter 2: CVA Volume and Growth
Summary Key findings The global volume for CVA programming expenditure increased by 41% from 2021 to 2022 to US$10.0 billion, with US$7.9 billion transferred as CVA to crisis-affected people. The large-scale use of cash in the Ukraine response was a key driver of growth, but other crises also saw...
The State of the World’s Cash 2023. Chapter 5: Cash Preparedness and Capacity
Summary Key findings CVA preparedness and capacity remains a priority, though needs are changing. Economic volatility, including inflation and depreciation, has emerged as a challenge for emergency preparedness. Adapting CVA in contexts of high inflation and depreciation requires inter-agency planning...
The State of the World’s Cash 2023. Chapter 9: Climate Change and Environmental Considerations in CVA
Summary Key findings Climate change and the environment are now pressing concerns for the CVA community. Clarity is needed on how CVA can address needs effectively and contribute to greener programming. CVA is widely considered to be ‘greener’ than in-kind assistance. Various approaches have been...
The State of the World’s Cash 2023. Chapter 8: CVA Design
Summary Key findings Multi-purpose cash (MPC) The use of MPC has increased but not to the extent anticipated. The lack of multisectoral needs assessments and response analysis is still seen as the largest barrier to increasing MPC. Concerns remain regarding the extent to which MPC will achieve...
The State of the World’s Cash 2023. Chapter 7: Data and Digitalization
Summary Key findings The use of digital payments is increasing. More action is needed on data responsibility. Cybersecurity is a risk that few talk about in the humanitarian space. Biometrics are better understood than before; blockchain pilots have expanded and multiplied. The concepts of...
The State of the World’s Cash 2023. Chapter 6: Linkages with Social Protection
Summary Key findings There has been progress on approaches for linking CVA and social protection, with COVID-19 accelerating interest and activity in this area. Donor interest is increasing; funding instruments now need to be adapted. Barriers to progress include limited technical capacity of staff; a...
Feasibility study on CVA in Tigray Region, Ethiopia_October 2023
The two years of conflict in Tigray has fueled a large-scale humanitarian crisis and resulted in loss of livelihoods and widespread food insecurity of the population especially Internally Displaced Populations and agrarian communities in the region.
The crisis affected the livelihoods of the...