The Impact of Economic Resource Transfers to Women versus Men: A Systematic Review
This systematic review examined the question: “what is the evidence of the impact on family well-being of giving economic resources to women relative to the impact of giving them to men?” This review is of interest to policy-makers and funders in developed and developing countries, given the recent growth in the number of poverty alleviation transfer programs that implicitly or explicitly designate women as transfer recipients.
The gender of the transfer recipient affects the outcomes of some programmes –
Targeting transfers to women can improve children’s well-being – in particular in the form of investments of children’s health and education.
Increasing female control of transfers does not guarantee positive outcomes.
Findings for micro-credit remain highly controversial and inconclusive.
Outcomes may be dependent on the type of programme offered.