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The Impact of Earned and Windfall Cash Transfers on Livelihoods and Conservation in Sierra Leone

2016 — By Erwin Bulte, Bob Conteh, Andreas Kontoleon, John List, Esther Mokuwa, Paul Richards, Ty Turley, Maarten Voors

This study by Bulte et al. measures the impact of a cash transfer programme aimed at alleviating poverty and reducing pressure on the natural environment in Sierra Leone. Researchers offered aid to 91 rural communities, which are dependent on slash-and-burn agriculture in three forms: as windfall transfers; aid distributed through chieftains; and an aid-for-work programme. The study concludes that the manner in which aid is distributed — communal versus individual and windfall versus earned — has a significant effect on how the aid will be used.