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The State of the World's Cash 2023

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Policy paper

Social Protection and Anticipatory Action to Protect Agricultural Livelihoods

6 October 2023 — By This document was prepared by Claudia Patrone, Mark James Johnson and Federico Spano (FAO), with the content informed by a background paper prepared by Lena Weingärtner, Florence Pichon, Rebecca Holmes and Emily Wilkinson (ODI). The drafting team express their thanks to Ettore Lancellotti (FAO) for his continuous support to the process, to FAO colleagues that have provided contributions and inputs, including Raquel Peña Alvarez (FAO), Marion Khamis (FAO), Marco Knowles (FAO) for his overall supervision, Chiara Mellucci (FAO), Silke Pietzsch (FAO) and Damien Riquet (FAO). Thanks are also extended to external peer reviewers, including Cecilia Costella (Independent Consultant on Social Protection and Climate Change), Heidi Gilert (Independent Consultant on Humanitarian Affairs and Social Protection), Nicholas Grainger (WFP), Alina Karki (Danish Red Cross), William Martin (USAID) and Sayanti Sengupta (Red Cross Red Crescent Climate Centre). The work of Fabiana De Giorgio (FAO), Anna Farkas (Independent editor), and John Jackson (Independent graphic designer) is duly acknowledged

As the quality of climate risk information and scientific forecasting has continued to improve, the imperative to act in advance of an imminent shock in order to protect people, assets and livelihoods has also gained notable attention and increasing investment. Recognizing this opportunity, some governments, and development and humanitarian partners are trying to gain a better understanding of the potential of social protection to deliver support ahead of a forecasted shock, including exploring options to systematically integrate anticipatory action approaches within existing national social protection systems. As such, this document discusses the conceptual and practical linkages between these two topics alongside presenting four country case studies, thereby contributing to the literature on how social protection and anticipatory action can protect agricultural livelihoods.


The State of the World's Cash 2023

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