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Household-Based Cash Transfer Targeting Strategies in Zimbabwe: Are we reaching the most vulnerable children?

2012 — By Laura Robertson, Phyllis Mushati, Jeffrey W. Eaton, Lorraine Sherr, Jeremiah C. Makoni, Morten Skovdal, Tom Crea, Gideon Mavise, Lovemore Dumba, Christina Schumacher, Shungu Munyati, Constance Nyamukapa, Simon Gregson

Census data, collected in July 2009, from 27,672 children were used to compare the effectiveness, coverage and efficacy of three household-based methods for targeting cash transfers to vulnerable children in eastern Zimbabwe: targeting the poorest households using a wealth index; targeting HIV affected households using socio-demographic information (households caring for orphans, chronically ill or disabled members; child-headed households); and targeting labour-constrained households using dependency ratios. All three methods failed to identify large numbers of children with poor social and educational outcomes. The wealth index approach was the most efficient at reaching children with poor outcomes whilst socio-demographic targeting reached more vulnerable children but was less efficient.