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Social Protection

The prevalence of long term and recurrent crises pushes humanitarians to look for more effective, efficient, and sustainable ways to respond.  Linking social protection and humanitarian response - or developing more flexible social protection systems to respond to crises – could potentially address underlying poverty, build resilience, speed response and support localisation of humanitarian action.  Yet, where crises are most severe and long term, social protection systems are often weakest. What is the role of humanitarian (and other) actors in supporting an effective whole of cash response? What opportunities does the extensive use of social protection systems as a response to the economic impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic provide for strengthening linkages with CVA?

Context

The State of the World’s Cash 2020 report found:

  • Working with, through and alongside social protection systems is now considered key to strengthening the humanitarian-development nexus and humanitarians are increasingly active in this space
  • Practitioners find that the three biggest challenges to effective linkages are: (i) lack of coordination between the actors involved, (ii) social protection systems are not designed to respond to crises, (iii) humanitarian practitioners lack expertise in social protection
  • Critically, there is no ‘one size fits all’ solution to linking CVA and social protection. Trade-offs between efficiency, effectiveness, accountability, and sustainability must be considered to ensure the best outcomes for people living in crisis and depends on context, existing systems, and timeframe. Linking will not always be appropriate and social protection systems may not meet all needs. In many contexts, in the short to medium term at least, humanitarian programming will be required to fill gaps.

Current Priorities

The CALP Network has invested intensely in this thematic area over the last few years. We will continue to work closely with the SPIAC-B Working group on linking humanitarian (cash) assistance and social protection (formerly the Grand Bargain Sub-Workstream on Social Protection) and with the SocialProtection.org platform and the Online Community Social Protection in Crisis Contexts to develop evidence, produce capacity building materials and provide technical support to coordination actors.

Community of Practice

SocialProtection.org hosts a dynamic and collaborative online community of practice (CoP) bringing together individuals from diverse backgrounds interested in expanding social protection in crisis-prone areas. The CoP offers a space to exchange documents, insights, and news in order to progress and learn together. Its inclusive and member-led approach offers organisations and individual members a forum to increase learning and outreach, facilitating the exchange of experiences and expanding knowledge. A discussion group hosted by dgroups.org complements these activities by connecting users rapidly via email.

SPACE

There are a wealth of relevant resources from ‘Social Protection Approaches To Covid-19: Expert Advice’ (SPACE) published in the CALP library.

 

Latest

SPACE Drivers of Timely and Large-Scale Cash Responses to COVID-19: what does the data say?

Guidelines and Tools

This note compares the experiences of 53 low- and middle-income countries to identify drivers of timely and large-scale government social assistance responses to COVID-19. The analysis covers cash responses only and focuses on the capacity of the social protection sector and beyond. It compares response...

31 May 2021

SPACE Better responding to shocks through social protection: COVID-19 insights on identifying and responding to dynamic poverty

Policy paper

The Coronavirus pandemic has affected substantial proportions of the population raising questions about how social protection systems could be used to respond. One of the key policy questions emerging is how to deal with a sudden, large-scale increase in poverty levels. This paper relies on pre-existing...

31 May 2021

Forecast based financing – lessons learned on early actions with cash transfers

Report

The objective of the document is to present the lessons learned related to the implementation of early actions with cash transfers as part of the forecast-based financing mechanism implemented by the World Food Programme in the Yaque del Norte watershed in the Dominican Republic.

27 May 2021

Minding the (financial and digital) gap! – How informal social safety nets leverage digital & cash enablers in COVID-19 pandemic

Presentation

Minding the (financial and digital) gap! – How informal social safety nets leverage digital & cash enablers in COVID-19 pandemic: In every context, strengthening the links between cash transfers, savings groups and digitisation contributes to resilient recovery from COVID-19. Representatives of...

17 May 2021

Linking Cash and Voucher Assistance (CVA) and Social Protection – Occupied Palestinian Territories (OPT): Country Summary

Report

This country summary is part of a larger resource set, providing practitioners with examples of different approaches to linking CVA
and social protection.

May 2021

Linking Cash and Voucher Assistance (CVA) and Social Protection – Turkey: Country Summary

Report

This country summary is part of a larger resource set, providing practitioners with examples of different approaches to linking CVA
and social protection.

May 2021

Transfer Values: How Much Is Enough? Balancing social protection and humanitarian considerations

Policy paper

This Operational Guidance paper follows on from two blogs published by SPACE on the subject of transfer values across the social protection and humanitarian nexus (here and here). This note dives even deeper into the topic, highlighting some key elements that could be considered when setting transfer...

30 April 2021

Toolkit for Monitoring and Evaluating Child Protection When Using Cash and Voucher Assistance

Guidelines and Tools

The Toolkit for Monitoring and Evaluating Child Protection when using Cash and Voucher Assistance (CP and CVA M&E Toolkit) is a resource for actors working in Monitoring and Evaluation, CVA (across sectors), and child protection. It aims to assess, address and monitor 1) Direct and indirect impact on...

26 March 2021

Inclusive Information Systems for Social Protection: Intentionally Integrating Gender and Disability

Policy paper

Digital information systems serving the social protection sector, and especially social assistance, are increasingly prominent and will continue to be, as is the case within all other sectors. “Why? Because the ability of a country to care for its people and respond to their lifecycle needs depends on...

11 March 2021

How Targeting Mechanisms Can Identify People With Disabilities for Inclusion in Social Protection Programmes

Guidelines and Tools

Persons with disabilities have worse education, health and employment outcomes and are more vulnerable to shocks than persons without disabilities. At the same time, they are less likely to be enrolled in social protection programmes, including those for which they are eligible. They can face significant...

11 March 2021

COVID-19 and the Emergency Social Safety Net (ESSN) and Conditional Cash Transfers for Education (CCTE) programmes

Guidelines and Tools

FCDO Turkey commissioned SPACE to assess the impact of COVID-19 on the principal cash vehicles active in Turkey: Emergency Social Safety Net (ESSN) and Conditional Cash Transfers for Education (CCTE) programmes, both funded by the EU through the EUR 6 billion Facility for Refugees in Turkey (FRiT)...

11 March 2021

Brief: Towards shock-responsive social protection: lessons from the COVID-19 response in Ethiopia

Policy paper

COVID-19 and national and international measures to curb its spread, may have pushed 15 million more people below the poverty line in Ethiopia. This policy brief draws on key learnings from the Ethiopia country case study, focused on the social protection response to COVID-19 and identifies...

8 March 2021

Towards shock-responsive social protection: lessons from the COVID-19 response in Pakistan

Report

The stringent lockdown measures and global economic slowdown, due to COVID-19, are likely to increase the poverty rate in Pakistan by 35 percentage points in urban areas and 32 percentage points in rural areas. The report documents the Government of Pakistan’s social protection response to mitigate the...

8 March 2021

Towards shock-responsive social protection: lessons from the COVID-19 response in Bangladesh – Policy brief

Policy paper

This policy brief presents the key findings of the Bangladesh country report, exploring the social protection response to COVID-19 from the Government of Bangladesh. Considering factors that have both helped and hindered the effectiveness of policy responses at various levels, the brief presents...

1 February 2021

Group Cash Transfers Guidance and Tools

Guidelines and Tools

This guidance highlights key steps and considerations to take to be able to design, implement and monitor GCTs. The guidance is accompanied by a set of tools, as well as references to existing tools, to help facilitating agencies and GCT-supported groups with implementing the approach. Furthermore, this...

1 February 2021

Leveraging the Potential for Group Cash Transfers: A complementary report to the Group Cash Transfer: Guidance and Tools (pilot version)

Report

This report is an accompanying document to the GCT Guidance and Toolkit. The report identifies internal and institutional barriers to using and scaling GCTs, along with mitigation measures. These were identified through an online survey, literature review and interviews with key informants that engaged...

1 February 2021

Tip-sheet: Engaging beyond CVA and GCT communities of practice: Supporting the uptake and scaling of Group Cash Transfers (GCTs)

Guidelines and Tools

The objective of this tip-sheet is to support facilitating agencies’1 staff, volunteers and associates in engaging beyond the Cash and Voucher Assistance (CVA) and GCT Communities of Practice (CoPs) and to help address barriers in designing and implementing GCTs. The key actions are based on the “GCT...

1 February 2021

Humanitarian Cash and Social Protection in Yemen

Report

This report provides an overview of the humanitarian cash and social protection landscape in Yemen and presents clear recommendations on how improved collaboration and coordination between the two systems could increase overall impact. Cash transfers in Yemen, delivered through humanitarian actors and...

28 January 2021

Humanitarian Cash and Social Protection in Iraq

Report

This report presents an overview of CVA and social protection in Iraq and offers recommendations to the HCT on how improved collaboration and coordination between the two systems could improve overall outcomes. State social protection programmes are a critical component of household income as the poverty...

28 January 2021