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Monitoring and Evaluation

The flexible and multisectoral nature of cash presents unique challenges when it comes to monitoring and evaluating the effectiveness of humanitarian responses. Agreeing and using common indicators will help to ensure we are working together to improve the quality of cash and voucher assistance (CVA).

Most M&E challenges, such as a lack of sufficient investment and capacities, are not specific to CVA. But those that are relate primarily to monitoring outcomes for unrestricted transfers. The flexibility of cash transfers can make it difficult to determine appropriate outcome indicators, as they may involve a combination of sector-specific and cross-cutting indicators. At the same time, there are limitations on gathering accurate data on how cash transfers are spent.

Grand Bargain signatories have committed to ensuring relevant M&E mechanisms are in place for cash, and increasing understanding of the costs, benefits, impacts and risks of cash relative to other modalities. Building on this, the GB cash workstream has action points including the development of common outcome indicators for multipurpose cash, and metrics for analysing value for money. Systematic value for money analysis has been limited by factors including a lack of agreed upon approaches, the need for quality outcome data, and the intensive nature of the analysis.

Current priorities

As part of the Grand Bargain cash commitments, the CALP Network has co-led (with USAID and CRS) the development of Multipurpose Cash Outcome Indicators. The draft for testing is currently available in English, French and Spanish via the library.

Latest

How Cash-Based Approaches affect Nutrition Outcomes: Case Studies from World Vision cash programmes in Bangladesh and South Sudan

Report

Case studies South Sudan & Bangladesh – analysis of how different modalities meet their basic needs with flexibility and dignity, esp. contributing to improved nutrition outcomes. Factors such as spending patterns, availability of nutritious food in markets, dietary changes & coping strategies, transfer...

June 2019

How Cash-Based Approaches Affect Nutrition Outcomes – Guidence Note

Guidelines and Tools

Based on the case studies from South Sudan and Bangladesh, this summary guidance provides advise on use of CVA for improved nutrition outcomes in vulnerable children, emphasising recommendations to ensure that:
– as part of design and targeting, there is improved consideration of nutrition needs in MEB...

June 2019

The UN Common Cash Platform: What does it mean and how is the IRC responding?

Blog Post

Together our members and partners have strengthened the evidence base and advanced the debate around gender and cash and voucher assistance. Looking ahead, how can we ensure we turn talk into action to deliver quality CVA for everyone?

5 March 2019

The Potential of Cash-Based Interventions to Promote Gender Equality and Women’s Empowerment

Report

The study on The Potential of Cash-Based Interventions to Promote Gender Equality and Women’s Empowerment sought to explore how CBIs can contribute to achieving gender equality and women’s empowerment (GEWE), as ends in themselves and for food security and nutrition outcomes. Where changes in GEWE...

February 2019

The Potential of Cash-Based Interventions to Promote Gender Equality and Women’s Empowerment – Summary Report of the Multi-Country Study

Report

The study on The Potential of Cash-Based Interventions to Promote Gender Equality and Women’s Empowerment sought to explore how CBIs can contribute to achieving gender equality and women’s empowerment (GEWE), as ends in themselves and for food security and nutrition outcomes. Where changes in GEWE...

February 2019

Cash Can Contribute to Gender Equality and Women’s Empowerment

Report

In 2018, WFP conducted a multi-country study that demonstrated that interventions – programmes, projects, operations etc. – using cash-based transfers (CBTs) as an assistance modality can promote gender equality and women’s empowerment. The countries in which case studies were conducted were...

February 2019

Feedback Channels in Cash and Voucher Assistance: How to Apply Best Practices to CVA

Guidelines and Tools

Accountability is at the core of effective humanitarian programming, and it is our duty to ensure that all programs – including those that use CVA to meet outcomes – are responsive to the clients we serve. While CVA is not inherently more risky than other forms of assistance, there are specific...

2019

The Digital Lives of Refugees: How displaced populations use mobile phones and what gets in the way

Report

GSMA in partnership with UNHCR conducted quantitative surveys and qualitative research to understand the ways in which refugees are using mobile phones in order to help guide digital interventions by humanitarian organisations and mobile network operators. The research identifies key trends, statistics,...

2019

Reflections and recommendations from evaluations of the 2017 CVA Somalia Drought Response

Report

Improving our response to drought to avert crises through the use of cash and voucher assistance requires us to build on experience. This paper pulls together reflections and recommendations from a review of eight evaluation reports, reviews and studies that were conducted during or after the 2017 drought...

2019

Cash Assistance and the Prevention, Mitigation and Response to Sexual and Gender-Based Violence

Report

The study Cash Assistance and the Prevention, Mitigation and Response to Sexual and Gender-Based Violence (SGBV) is based on comprehensive research in Lebanon, Ecuador and Morocco. It provides learning and recommendations when using cash assistance in the prevention, mitigation and response to SGBV. The...

2019

6 Key Points to Address: Using Learning to Strengthen Cash and Voucher Assistance in the 2019 Drought Response in Somalia

Report

A summary of learning from Evaluation reports from the 2017 Somalia drought response.

2019

Safer Cash Toolkit (English)

Guidelines and Tools

The Safer Cash Toolkit, funded by USAID, is designed to capture the minimum amount of protection-related information in emergency settings to ensure that organizations can make informed decisions on how to design, implement and adjust CVA programs at the field level to prevent and minimize harm. The Safer...

2019

Joint Donor Statement on Humanitarian Cash Transfers

Guidelines and Tools

As part of continuing efforts to strengthen donor coordination on cash, a group of senior officials from major donor agencies (EU/DG ECHO, Germany, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom and the United States of America) met in Brussels on 1 March 2019 to discuss shared approaches. Building on...

2019

Multipurpose Cash Outcome Indicators – Final Draft for Testing

Guidelines and Tools

Note that the MPC indicators have now been revised. Please click here  to access the updated Multipurpose Outcome Indicators and Guidance, which is available in Arabic, English, French and Spanish.        Multipurpose Cash Outcome Indicators – Final Draft for Testing Multipurpose cash (MPC) is a...

2019

Monitoring Child Protection within Humanitarian Cash Programmes

Guidelines and Tools

This paper summarises findings from an initial scoping study, which seeks to review how child protection outcomes are captured when monitoring multi-purpose humanitarian cash programmes. The study intends to inform the development and piloting of new approaches to integrating child protection concerns...

2019

Impact Assessment for Cash for Education Project funded by DGECHO in Egypt

Report

The overall objectives of the Impact assessment were: To measure the impact of cash on the girls and boys by DGECHO funded project. To measure the impact of cash on Education and protection through a gender lens to investigate considerations of power dynamics in the households Understand the good...

2019