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Cash or in-kind? Why not both? Response Analysis Lessons from Multimodal Programming

2017 — By Jenny Coneff, Marie Boulinaud, Mulugeta Handino, Daniel Enarson

This research reviews lessons learned about response analysis from multimodal responses, that is, responses in which practitioners determined that more than one response modality between cash,vouchers, and in-kind, was a “best fit” or in which the conclusions about “best fit” changed over the course of the project. The research hypothesizes that comparing the reasons for choosing different types of response within the same project and among the same beneficiaries should provide concrete examples of the relative importance of different criteria in response and, by extension, the conditions under which cash or vouchers or in-kind assistance may be most appropriate.

This work does not aim to inform technical or operational considerations of how to do cash transfers or multimodal programming. Rather, this work is intended to help analysts, advisors, and decision makers develop and articulate the nexus between emergency context and response through concrete examples  of response analysis, both at project design and throughout a response