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Basic Needs Assessment Report BNA Pilot in Fafan zone, Ethiopia

December 2017

The BNA in Ethiopia identified Tuliguled as the woreda where deprivation across all basic needs has the most severe humanitarian consequences for the population in the assessed sites . Babile and Kebribeyah were the next most affected. This situation was due mostly to insufficient purchasing power and assistance.

The highest proportion (49 percent) of people facing severe unmet needs was found in Tuliguled. In comparison, 35 percent of those interviewed in Babile faced severe unmet needs and the share in Kebribeyah was 16 percent. The largest proportion of households facing moderate needs was found in Kebribeyah (63 percent, compared to 56 percent in Hareshen and 53 percent in Babile). The groups facing most shortages across basic needs were resident households in Tuliguled (both female and male household heads), and displaced households with male household heads in Tuliguled. The underlying factors contributing most to unmet needs were (in order of importance) inadequate purchasing power, insufficient assistance, insufficient local infrastructure, lack of trade, and physical constraints to market access.