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Baseline Assessment for Education Cash Transfer Programming for IDPS in Dahuk Governance

2016 — By REACH Initiative, United Nations Children's Fund

REACH, in collaboration with UNICEF, conducted a Baseline Assessment of Access to Education among Internally Displaced Persons in the Dahuk Governorate of Iraq. This assessment aimed to improve the efficiency of humanitarian cash assistance by implementing partners for increased access to education in the target areas. This was done by ascertaining baseline location-specific information on available facilities and caseloads- The assessment also identifed household-level barriers to education access in three districts in Dahuk governorate – Dahuk, Summel and Zakho.

Through the assessment REACH found that attendance rates amongst IDP children across the region were 34% lower than those for host community children – overall, 92% of school aged host community children are attending school, compared to 58% of displaced children. Low attendance rates of IDP children is related to both the financial demand that education-related costs place on households and the inability of schools to absorb more students and provide adequate services. REACH also found that education-related costs were a key barrier to education access amongst IDP populations, in part due to limited provision of services, including school transport and supplies, but also largely as a result of poor access to livelihoods. In addition, the existing school system is primarily unable to absorb more students due to a shortage of teachers and the limited number of shifts per school.