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Le b.a.-ba des transferts monétaires : tout ce que vous devez savoir

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Modèles opérationnels

Les transferts monétaires peuvent être distribués aux personnes en situation de crise de manière plus efficiente, efficace et responsable si les organisations en charge de la réponse travaillent ensemble. Nous devons toutefois générer des données montrant quels modèles opérationnels sont les plus pertinents pour la collaboration dans différents contextes.

Le rapport « La situation mondiale des transferts monétaires » du CALP Network identifie plusieurs types de modèles opérationnels, dont les consortiums et les alliances, les mécanismes de distribution des transferts partagés, un modèle de distribution des transferts monétaires articulé autour d’une seule organisation et l’intégration de systèmes.

« La structure générale au sein de laquelle les organisations travaillent conjointement […] pour distribuer les transferts monétaires […] lors d’interventions et d’activités d’analyse, et de la conception et de la mise en œuvre de programmes. »

Notre définition d’un modèle opérationel

Accroître l’échelle des transferts monétaires permet de transformer la manière dont l’aide humanitaire est distribuée. Cette décision a des conséquences sur les rôles des organisations dans le cadre de plusieurs modèles opérationnels, et sur la capacité des modèles à établir un lien avec les systèmes de protection sociale. Un changement d’échelle aura également un impact sur les partenariats avec des fournisseurs de technologies et de services financiers et sur la manière dont différents modèles interagissent avec d’autres formes d’assistance.

Priorités actuelles

Depuis fin 2016, le CALP Network assure la coordination d’un programme d’apprentissage visant à répondre aux questions suivantes :

  1. Quels sont les modèles opérationnels disponibles pour les organisations mettant en œuvre les transferts monétaires ?
  2. Comment différents modèles ont-ils amélioré l’efficience, l’efficacité et la transparence des transferts monétaires dans divers contextes ?
  3. Quels sont les modèles opérationnels les plus appropriés dans chaque contexte ?

Nous continuerons de compiler et diffuser notre base de données probantes sur les modèles opérationnels.

Nous sommes également partenaire du consortium Cash Monitoring, Evaluation, Accountability, and Learning Organizational Network (CAMEALEON), piloté par le Conseil norvégien pour les réfugié·es, qui est responsable du suivi et de l’évaluation indépendantes du programme d’assistance monétaire à usages multiples du PAM au Liban. À ce titre, nous menons des recherches et des analyses concernant l’optimisation des ressources et la redevabilité au sein du modèle opérationnel.

Contenu récent

Early Lessons Learnt from Cash Transfer Interventions in Post Matthew Haiti

Report

This technical report has twofold purposes, firstly to describe the main international evidence on cash transfer programing pertinent for the Haitian post Matthew emergency context; and secondly, to document the main lessons that can be learnt from the UNDP post Matthew cash transfer intervention. The...

May 2017

MEB and Transfer Value Guide

Guidelines and Tools

This document is the harmonized Minimum Expenditure Basket (MEB) and transfer value of the Libya Cash & Markets WG (CMWG) for April – June 2017 (Q2). Currently the data available is only enough to inform calculations for Libyans (IDPs and host).

29 mars 2017

Partnering with Mobile Network Operators in Zimbabwe to Deliver Cash Transfers

Report

This case study seeks to investigate and document the following: The process of engagement between MNOs and CARE. Clarity of roles between CARE/WVI as implementing agencies and MNOs. Successes and challenges in the partnership between CARE/WVI and the MNOs Measures taken to manage the impact of the...

2017

Delivery Mechanism Mapping for Cash Based Interventions in Cox’s Bazaar Bangladesh

Report

The ‘Delivery Mechanism Mapping for Cash Based Interventions (CBI) in Cox’s Bazaar, Bangladesh’ was conducted in December 2017 by a ‘Cash Champion’ deployed from Catholic Relief Services (CRS) with the support of the Global Shelter Cluster and ECHO, and involved consultations with numerous...

2017

Managing Cash-Based Programmes in a Volatile Markets Contexts: The Case of Delivering Cash Using Mobile Money During the Zimbabwe Cash Liquidity Crisis

Report

This case study examines how the Zimbabwe national cash crisis evolved and the ways in which affected communities and the CTP adapted to the challenges it posed. The study highlights what worked well, what was less effective, and some other possible future opportunities. It also provides operational...

2017

Cash or in-kind? Why not both? Response Analysis Lessons from Multimodal Programming

Report

This research reviews lessons learned about response analysis from multimodal responses, that is, responses in which practitioners determined that more than one response modality between cash,vouchers, and in-kind, was a “best fit” or in which the conclusions about “best fit” changed over...

2017

The use of CTP in Kenya: Reflecting on the 2016/17 Drought Response

Report

This workshop report is packed with useful ideas and information, reflecting the lively discussions which took place at a workshop in June 2017 about the use of CTP in the Kenya drought response. Discussions touched on multiple issues including coordination; cash transfer values; lack of awareness...

2017

Cash Delivery Mechanism Assessment Tool

Guidelines and Tools

In line with its commitment to institutionalise the use of Cash-Based Interventions (CBIs), the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) released the Operational Guidance for Cash-Based Interventions in Displacement Settings (“the Guidelines”) dated 4 February 2015, to...

2017

Cash alone is not enough: a smarter use of cash

Guidelines and Tools

Cash based interventions (CBIs) enable crisis affected  people to make choices and prioritise their own needs. They also support markets critical to survival and recovery of communities.  NRC is committed to increasing the use of cash across its programmes. Yet, cash based interventions are not a...

2017

Kenya Red Cross Society Using New Technology to Reach Communities in Hardship Areas

Report

Kenya Red Cross Society responded to the severe drought through cash transfers in Marsabit county. Unlike an earlier drought, where KRCS used manual system to pay beneficiaries in the same geographical area,  this year the organisation used a payment technology provided by a company called Compulynx....

2017

A buffer against the drought

Report

The Government of Kenya in partnership with DFID undertake a long term social protection program(Hunger Safety Net Program) in Northern Kenya reaching out to poor households with bi monthly cash transfers. So much investment has been put in this program including pre-registration and carding of...

2017

Humanitarian Cash Transfers in the Democratic Republic of Congo

Report

The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is at a crossroads with regard to cash transfers. On the one hand, cash has been accepted by most donors and aid agencies as an appropriate response, with solid evidence underpinning its use. Aid agencies have driven important innovations in an environment where...

2017

Enacting urban cash for work programmes in Lebanon in response to the Syrian refugee crisis

Guidelines and Tools

Humanitarian crises in cities require responses that reflect the urban context,address urban challenges, and provide urbanised solutions. This paper focuses on providing guidance on good practice in cash for work (CfW) programmes. Focusing on Lebanon and the Syrian refugee crisis, the paper provides nine...

2017

A Review of Inter-Agency Collaboration for CTP Delivery

Report

Recent global initiatives have reaffirmed the potential for Cash-Transfer Programmes (CTP) to effectively and efficiently meet a wide range of disaster-affected populations’ needs while preserving dignity and choice. Although much work has been done in advocating for the benefits of CTP and enhancing...

2017

Cash Transfer Programming: Lessons from northern Iraq

Report

In situations of conflict, disaster and protracted crisis, displaced persons not only face physical threats but are also  confronted with the challenge of economic survival. High levels of general unemployment or legal barriers to labour market entry often restrict access to jobs and income, and...

2017

Guide ELAN pour l’évaluation d’argent mobile et l’établissement de contrat

Guides et outils

L’argent mobile offre le potentiel énorme de permettre des transferts d’argent liquide à l’échelle et de relier des participants de programme à des services financiers. Fréquemment, cependant, les professionnels humanitaires ont des difficultés à comprendre la terminologie liée à l’argent...

2017

The Role of Financial Services in Humanitarian Crises

Guidelines and Tools

More than 75 percent of adults who live in countries that are coping with humanitarian crises remain outside the formal financial system. Financial inclusion would provide both refugees and residents with a diversified set of financial products (including savings, remittances, credit, and insurance) that...

2017

Fitting aid to context: community experiences of aid delivery in northern Syria

Report

The ongoing conflict in Syria has left 13.5 million Syrians in need of humanitarian assistance. Several local and international organisations provide aid to northern Syria, but their chosen modalities fail to effectively meet community members’ needs.  While aiming to respond to immediate short-term...

2017

Le b.a.-ba des transferts monétaires : tout ce que vous devez savoir

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