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The Impact of Economic Resource Transfers to Women versus Men: A Systematic Review
This systematic review examined the question: “what is the evidence of the impact on family well-being of giving economic resources to women relative to the impact of giving them to men?” This review is of interest to policy-makers and funders in developed and developing countries, given the recent...
An Introduction to Cash-Based Interventions in UNHCR Operations
This document provides an introduction and basic guidance on the use of cash-based interventions and tackles key issues of relevance to UNHCR in the form of questions and answers. It also provides an overview of UNHCR’s experience in using cash-based interventions.
Natural Disasters: What is the role for social safety nets?
This paper makes the case for why safety nets are an important tool for managing the risk of natural hazards. The use of safety nets is advocated both ex ante, to prevent and mitigate the impact of natural disaster and ex post, to cope with the impacts of natural shocks. Firstly, the paper explores the...
Public Health Agencies and Cash Transfer Programmes: Making the case for greater involvement
This report examines the case for greater involvement by public health agencies in cash transfer schemes, a form of welfare assistance. It seeks to identify opportunities, obstacles and actions that might support greater involvement. The issue arises because cash transfer schemes are an increasingly...
DFID Cash Transfers Literature Review
This paper provides a synthesis of current global evidence on the impact of cash transfers in developing countries, and of what works in different contexts, or for different development objectives. Cash transfers are direct, regular and predictable non-contributory cash payments that help poor and...
Richer but Resented: What do cash transfers do to social relations and does it matter?
This paper looks at how social protection cash transfers are evaluated primarily in terms of poverty reduction or human capital, with their impact on social relations being under-examined. The authors examine case studies from Kenya, Malawi and Zimbabwe, and argue that the impact of cash transfers on...
A Guide to Economic Growth in Post-Conflict Countries
Guidelines and Tools
This Guide to Economic Growth in Post-Conflict Countries seeks to develop comprehensive recommendations for USAID and similar donors on how to encourage economic growth in countries emerging from conflict. The Guide is based on the premise that improved economic wellbeing can enhance the prospects for...
Market Development in Crisis Affected Environments: Emerging lessons for achieving pro-poor economic reconstruction
This paper documents practitioner experience and innovations in market development for income generation and livelihood security in crisis and post-crisis settings. War and natural disaster have devastating impacts on people’s ability to generate income and secure a sustainable livelihood that can...
A Synthesis of Practical Lessons from Value Chain Projects in Conflict Affected Environments
Over the last year, at the behest of USAID, 10 organizations captured results and lessons learned from projects that used value chain programming in conflict-affected environments. The goal of this paper is to extract larger lessons that emerge from these implementing organizations and the programs they...
Cash Transfers in Emergencies: Evaluating Benefits and Assessing Risks
In terms of both theory and practice, there appears to be a strong case for cash-based responses to food emergencies where the supply and market conditions are appropriate. Amartya Sen’s work on entitlements offers a solid theoretical base for cash transfers, and the practical experience so far, limited...