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CWG Learning Workshop: Report – Consolidate Knowledge
On June 8th, the United Nations hosted a Learning Workshop on cash-based programmes in Sri Lanka. Led by the Cash Working Group (CWG) and supported by the Office of the UN Resident Coordinator (RCO), the workshop served as a platform for consolidating knowledge for cash-based interventions amid the...
Market Functionality Index: Assessing the functionality of selected markets for cash-based assistance
Markets are functional. While there remain variations from market to market, Sri Lanka’s markets currently have a wide range of products, adequate physical availability of essential goods, a resilient supply chain and sufficient levels of hygiene and cleanliness. Overall market functionality remains...
Sri Lanka Cash Working Group strategy 2023-2025 (December 2022)
Sri Lanka witnessed a large-scale cash transfer programming in 2005/06 in the aftermath of the Indian Ocean tsunami. Many agencies such as Red Cross, Oxfam and Save the Children provided cash transfers to the affected communities to help them meet their basic needs. For example, after the end of the...
Policy on Cash-Based Interventions
UNHCR’s Policy on Cash-Based Interventions (CBIs) is introduced herewith to expand and systematise the use of CBIs as a modality of assistance and service delivery across the organization and its operations worldwide. The Policy reconfirms UNHCR’s commitment to the increased use of CBIs and sets out...
A Review of UNICEF’s Role in Cash Transfers to Emergency Affected Populations
This paper is part of an ongoing process exploring UNICEF’s engagement with cash-based responses in emergencies. The main aim of the paper is to stimulate discussion on the potential role of cash transfers within UNICEF’s response to emergencies.
Cash transfers for livelihoods in Eastern Sri Lanka
This case study looks at the British Red Cross’ intervention in Eastern Sri Lanka, following the Tsunami, whereby resettled households were provided with the cash equivalent of a food ration in order to bridge the gap before the next harvest and resumption of livelihood activities. The paper discusses...
Growing back better: Rehabilitation of tsunami affected cinnamon industry in Southern Sri Lanka
This case study looks at the Spanish Red Cross’ intervention in post-tsunami Sri Lanka which aimed at supporting smallholder cinnamon growers, whose fields had been destroyed by the tsunami, to recover and improve their cinnamon production as a way to restore their means of living. Cash grants were...
Building Communities: A holistic approach to relocation and livelihoods: housing, cash grants, and community projects
This case study looks at the Spanish Red Cross’ housing reconstruction programme which took place between 2007-09 in Sri Lanka, following the devastating Tsunami. In addition to housing this intervention had two main approaches: household level grants for re-starting, supporting the strengthening or...
Reconstruyendo Mejor: Rehabilitación de la industria de la canela afectada por el Tsunami en el sur de Sri Lanka
Este estudio de caso analiza la intervención de la Cruz Roja Española en Sri Lanka después del tsunami que el fin de apoyar los pequeños productores de canela, cuyos campos habían sido destruidas por el tsunami, para recuperar y mejorar su producción de canela como una manera de restaurar su medios...
Construyendo Comunidades: Apoyo integral a las familias realojadas y sus comunidades de acojida: vivienda, apoyo para mejorar los medios de vida y proyectos comunitarios
Este estudio de caso analiza el programa de la Cruz Roja Española de reconstrucción de viviendas que tuvo lugar entre 2007-09 en Sri Lanka, tras el devastador tsunami. Además de albergar esta intervención tuvo dos enfoques principales: subvenciones a nivel de hogar para volver a iniciar, apoyar el...
Learning from Cash Responses to the Tsunami: Issue Paper 6: Monitoring and Evaluation
This is the last of six issue papers which form part of a project to document learning around cash-based responses to the Indian Ocean tsunami. The project was funded by the British Red Cross, Save the Children UK, Oxfam GB, Mercy Corps and Concern Worldwide. This Issue Paper focuses on the question of...
Banking on Solutions: A Real-time Evaluation of UNHCR’s Shelter Grant Programme for Returning Displaced People in Northern Sri Lanka
Approximately 300,000 people were displaced in the final phase of fighting between the army and the LTTE, a 26-year conflict that came to a definitive end on 20 May 2009, with victory for the SLA. Initially transferred to the area of Menik Farm and other closed camps in northern Sri Lanka, where they were...
Enterprise Recovery Following Natural Disasters
Using data from surveys of enterprises in Sri Lanka after the December 2004 tsunami, the authors undertake a microeconomic study of the recovery of the private firms in a developing country following a major natural disaster. Disaster recovery in low-income countries is characterized by the...
Do Cash Transfers Improve Food Security in Emergencies? Evidence from Sri Lanka
In December 2004, WFP launched an emergency operation (EMOP) to assist victims of the tsunami in Sri Lanka. The disaster resulted in more than 38,000 deaths and approximately 7,000 people missing. The government estimated that at least 1 million people were directly or indirectly affected, of whom about...
From Food Crisis to Fair Trade: Livelihoods analysis, protection and support in emergencies
This document aims to collate and analyse experiences of livelihoods programming in emergencies. It provides an overview of what livelihoods programming is and gives examples of the range of interventions that are possible in emergencies. Different types of livelihoods programmes are then described...
Beneficiary perceptions of corruption in humanitarian assistance: A Sri Lanka case study
This case study, based on a number of chosen villages in Sri Lanka, examines the views of beneficiaries on corruption in the delivery of humanitarian assistance. It begins by outlining some of the corruption risks that agencies may face during emergency responses, particularly in conflict-affected...
External Evaluation Report on the Cash for Repair and Reconstruction Project Sri Lanka
The Indian Ocean tsunami caused huge loss of life, displacement and destruction in Sri Lanka. People’s immediate priorities were to find shelter, safety, meet basic needs and trace and mourn loved ones. The population affected took shelter with relatives and friends, in temples, mosques and public...
Learning from cash responses to the tsunami: Issue Paper 1: Analysing markets
This is the first of six issue papers which form part of a project to document learning around cash-based responses to the Indian Ocean tsunami. The project was funded by the British Red Cross, Save the Children UK, Oxfam GB, Mercy Corps and Concern Worldwide. This 5-page Issue Paper explores the broad...
Learning from cash responses to the tsunami: Issue Paper 2: Disbursement mechanisms
This is the second of six issue papers which form part of a project to document learning around cash-based responses to the Indian Ocean tsunami. The project was funded by the British Red Cross, Save the Children UK, Oxfam GB, Mercy Corps and Concern Worldwide. This 5-page Issue Paper examines the...
Learning from cash responses to the tsunami: Issue paper 3: Setting the value
This is the third of six issue papers which form part of a project to document learning around cash-based responses to the Indian Ocean tsunami. The project was funded by the British Red Cross, Save the Children UK, Oxfam GB, Mercy Corps and Concern Worldwide. A key question in the design of cash transfer...