تتبع المساعدات النقدية والقسائم
لتزم الموقعون على الصفقة الكبرى بزيادة استخدام المساعدات النقدية والقسائم، واستخدام علامات مشتركة لقياس هذه الزيادات. على الرغم من بدء تتبع حجم المساعدات النقدية والقسائم بشكل أكثر فعالية، إلّا أنه ثمة تحديات تقنية وسياسية. وهذا يضم ما يلي:
- تحديد البيانات التي يجب جمعها وطريقة القيام بذلك
- ضمان الالتزام باستخدام فئات وأنظمة البيانات
- معالجة أوجه القصور في أنظمة إعداد التقارير الحالية التي لم يتم تصميمها في كثير من الأحيان لتضمين أو تفصيل النقد والقسائم والطرائق الأخرى
- التوصل إلى اتفاق مشترك حول الفئات المعيارية للإبلاغ لتجنب البيانات غير الكاملة وغير المتسقة.
شاركت شبكة CALP، من عام 2017 إلى عام 2019، في قيادة مسار العمل الفرعي للصفقة الكبرى بشأن تتبع المساعدات النقدية والقسائم مع المديرية العامة للحماية المدنية الأوروبية وعمليات المساعدة الإنسانية، بهدف رئيسي يتمثل في الاتفاق على الحد الأدنى من المتطلبات لتتبع المساعدات النقدية والقسائم. يتضمن ذلك دمج المساعدات النقدية والقسائم في أنظمة ومنصات إعداد التقارير الرئيسية المشتركة بين الوكالات، أي خدمة التتبع المالي التابعة لمكتب تنسيق الشؤون الإنسانية ووحدة مشروع دورة البرمجة الإنسانية، ومعيار بيانات مبادرة الشفافية الخاصة بالمعونة الدولية، وإعداد تقارير 3W (وهي تتمثل في من الذي سيفعل وماذا سيفعل وأين سيفعل). تم الآن دمج مسار العمل الفرعي الخاص بتتبع المساعدات النقدية والقسائم في مسار العمل الفرعي للكفاءة والفعالية والقيمة مقابل المال، والذي ستستمر شبكة CALP في قيادته.
Tracking Cash & Voucher Assistance Workshop – Part 2: Report
Do you want to read the latest on discussions on how to best track cash and voucher assistance in global interagency reporting systems? The CALP Network and ECHO have just released Tracking Cash & Voucher Assistance Workshop – Part 2: Report. Key recommendations emerging from the workshop are summarized below. These will be used in the coming months as a basis to develop guidance for...
Measuring Cash Transfer Programming – Scoping study
This scoping study explores technical and policy issues that are constraining progress towards better measurement and reporting of Cash Transfer Programming (CTP) and addresses these to identify ways forward. The study was developed with the following objectives: • Map and document how different implementing agencies and donors are measuring cash and voucher programming data at the...
Tracking Cash and Voucher Assistance: Agreements, recommendations and minimum requirements from the Grand Bargain cash workstream
Guidelines and Tools
This document comprises the key outputs of the work undertaken through the Tracking Cash and Voucher Assistance (CVA) Working Group from 2017 to 2019. The Tracking CVA Working Group was established as the
platform for engagement and decision-making for the sub-workstream on Tracking CVA, which is part of the Grand Bargain Cash Workstream. The Tracking CVA sub-workstream was co-led by the the...
Programme Evolution, Planning and Implementation: Zimbabwe Emergency Cash Transfer (ZECT) Pilot Programme
The aim of this document is to draw lessons from the Zimbabwe Emergency Cash Transfer (ZECT) Pilot Programme evolution, planning and implementation. Since this was a pilot programme, documentation of the process of its development was viewed as a crucial programme output. The target audience for this...
The Impact of Cash Transfers on Local Markets: A Case Study of Unstructured Markets in Northern Uganda
This report explores the effects of cash transfers on local markets. It tests the hypothesis that ‘cash transfers to poor households lead to integration of markets in remote areas and strengthen existing well-integrated market systems’. To test the hypothesis, a case study was conducted in Northern...
Paying attention to detail: How to transfer cash in cash transfers
This policy working paper looks at various delivery mechanisms which can be used to transfer cash to people in cash interventions. It discusses how these affect the costs, and the barriers, faced by those receiving cash as well as the costs and risks to implementing agencies of successful programme...
Banking on Solutions: A Real-time Evaluation of UNHCR’s Shelter Grant Programme for Returning Displaced People in Northern Sri Lanka
Approximately 300,000 people were displaced in the final phase of fighting between the army and the LTTE, a 26-year conflict that came to a definitive end on 20 May 2009, with victory for the SLA. Initially transferred to the area of Menik Farm and other closed camps in northern Sri Lanka, where they were...
Community Recovery Cash Grant: Responding to the shelter, food security and livelihood needs to enable early recovery of earthquake affected people in Sumatra, Indonesia
This document gives a technical review of the activities and outstanding issues pertaining to the implementation of Oxfam’s recovery cash grant distribution in response to the 2009 earthquake in West Sumatra, Indonesia. Following the rapid assessment conducted a week after the earthquake, Oxfam has...
Evaluation of Concern’s Post Election Violence Recovery (PEVR) programme
Concern’s Post Election Violence Recovery (PEVR) Programme was a cash transfer programme operating in areas of Kenya (Nairobi, Nyanza, and the Rift Valley) affected particularly badly by the violence that followed the announcement of the national election results in late 2007. Building on several other...
Understanding and Strengthening Informal Seed Markets
Informal markets receive little attention from governments and researchers, despite their centrality to farmers’ seed security. This paper documents the importance of informal markets for supplying seed and restocking critical plant genetic resources in normal and stress periods. It analyses farmers’...
Responding to High Food Prices: Evidence from a Voucher Programme in Burkina Faso
In February 2009, WFP launched its first food voucher operation in Africa, to address food security in an urban environment where food is available but beyond the reach of many because of high food prices. Vulnerable segments of the population, who were spending most of their budgets on food, risked...
Helpdesk Research Report: Political Economy of Cash Transfers
Cash transfers are a form of social assistance in which money or cash-like instruments (e.g. vouchers) are distributed to vulnerable individuals or households. They can vary in targeting (eligibility requirements, such as age, poverty, and disability) or conditionality (specific actions required to...
Comparing Cash and Food Transfers: a Cost-Benefit Analysis from Rural Malawi
The Cash and Food for Livelihoods Pilot (CFLP) project was a cash and food-for-assets scheme implemented in southern Malawi over the eight months from October 2008 to May 2009, benefiting 11,100 households. CFLP was designed to prevent acute hunger and invest in disaster prevention and preparedness...
Delivering money: Cash transfer mechanisms in emergencies
This report documents lessons learned in cash transfer programming in emergencies, with a particular focus on the practicalities of how to deliver money to beneficiaries. It provides guidance for project managers needing to make choices about how to efficiently and effectively deliver cash, and explores...
Do Cash Transfers Improve Food Security in Emergencies? Evidence from Sri Lanka
In December 2004, WFP launched an emergency operation (EMOP) to assist victims of the tsunami in Sri Lanka. The disaster resulted in more than 38,000 deaths and approximately 7,000 people missing. The government estimated that at least 1 million people were directly or indirectly affected, of whom about...
Cash transfers in emergencies: A practical field guide
Guidelines and Tools
A practical and user-friendly field guide for using cash to meet the needs of older people. This guide covers deciding if cash is appropriate, conducting initial assessments and market analysis, identifying beneficiaries and amounts, preparing the community and implementing cash transfers. The purpose of...
Guidelines for cash interventions in Somalia
Guidelines and Tools
These guidelines are intended for all agencies operating in Somalia to represent a common approach to cash transfer programming for food security and livelihood activities in Somalia. The guidelines outline the minimum acceptable standards for cash interventions and provide the justification for...
Cash grants in Upper Sindh flood response 2010
This case study and paper summarises Oxfam’s experience with unconditional cash grants to 20,000 households in response to the flooding in Upper Sindh, Pakistan in 2010. It retrospectively documents the Oxfam project, emphasising issues relevant to a wide practitioner audience interested in experience...
Enterprise Recovery Following Natural Disasters
Using data from surveys of enterprises in Sri Lanka after the December 2004 tsunami, the authors undertake a microeconomic study of the recovery of the private firms in a developing country following a major natural disaster. Disaster recovery in low-income countries is characterized by the...
Real Time Evaluation: Project ADVANCE Niger, Final Report
The 2009 agricultural season in Niger was marked by dramatic crop production deficits. The most recent drought in Niger has led to an escalation in the price of locally-produced staple grains in the region. While demand in local markets remains high, as is normal right before the lean season, many...
Minimum Economic Recovery Standards
Guidelines and Tools
The Minimum Economic Recovery Standards articulate the minimum level of technical and other assistance to be provided in promoting the recovery of economies and livelihoods affected by crisis.
WFP Global Workshop on Cash and Vouchers
This document provides a summary and synthesis of key outcomes and emerging priorities. It also provides a summary of the current status of voucher and cash programming in WFP. A discussion of key emerging cross-cutting issues follows. Strategic priorities for WFP voucher and cash programming and policy...
Cash Transfers in Emergencies: The case of Indonesia and Vietnam
In October 2009, typhoon Ketsana brought heavy rains over Vietnam causing sudden and heavy flooding, which led to considerable loss of lives, shelters and livelihoods. Around the same time, an earthquake measuring 7.2 on the Richter scale struck the island of Sumatra in Indonesia causing massive loss of...